### Introduction

### Process Explanation

^{o}C, 31-31.5

^{o}C, 31.5-32

^{o}C and >=32

^{o}C.

*Tmax*is the daily maximum temperature difference at the i

_{i}^{th}location

*Tmax*is the maximum temperature at the i

_{i }^{th}location

*T*is a critical temperature, assumed to have the value 30

_{c}^{o}C

^{o}C, 2-4

^{o}C, 4-6

^{o}C and >6

^{o}C.

*), calculated as the accumulated amount of heat according to the following equation:*

_{i}where DHH* _{i}* is the cumulative temperature for one day

*T*is the temperature at the i

_{i}^{th}location, using 10 minute intervals

*T*is a critical temperature, assumed to be 30

_{c}^{o}C

*tÌ t** is the time period where

*T*>

_{i}*T*

_{c}^{o}C hr, 6-10

^{o}C hr, 10-14

^{o}C hr, 14-18

^{o}C hr and >18

^{o}C hr (Figure 2c). Analysis based on these groups indicated that live corals and partially bleached corals showed decreasing trends for both MSS and PAN+MSS data, whereas fully bleached corals and dead corals represented increasing trends.